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3B VIRTUAL 24-10-2016 , 3B VIRTUAL Trump Says He Will Accept Election Result ... ‘if I Win’ By ALAN RAPPEPORT and ALEXANDER BURNS Donald J. Trump insisted that he would not cede the right to contest the outcome of the election, even as members of both parties said such remarks were a threat to the political system.

domingo, 23 de octubre de 2016

O P I N I O N: Donal Trump receives the exact same FBI report that Hillary Clinton?

 "And even more, if this is so, there would be no way for Trump reaches sworn in as president unless it is not through a crisis threatening military since those involved in a
plot so crass desperately will do everything in their power possible for such a plan"..............

Everyone knows that when the presidential candidates are defined in US authorizing the FBI to deliver the same intelligence report received by the President of the United States, this is a
Lic, Juan Alberto Galvá
smart move intended to keep both candidates on important and sensitive national security issues and the welfare of the nation to power before during and after the election, so the next president cannot reach the oval office in a state of ignorance that could be detrimental to his performance as commander in chief.

But while and the United States has the precedent of a very frivolous election campaign, with two unpopular candidates as was the Gore-Bush campaign, and also already had its first big post-electoral result of those fraudulent elections crisis which sentenced one of the judges of the Supreme Court Americana: "the winner of these elections never know who it was, but if we know who the big loser" now faces a potentially greater calamity with two incredibly incompetent and discredited candidates.

However, it is clear that the pro-establishment chose to Mrs. Clinton as the least bad option in this crisis and has favored from all instances to lift on his adversary, something that should not have been difficult since Trump , different from her, had no experience or political capacity, which is evident in all the mischief he has said and argued, but still, with all its unhappy expressions and all the scandals that the Clinton campaign and the Obama which you are taking the old Trump assertions in the sense that this was not really American- you have raised, yet we see that Trump continues to drink plenty of water to the Clinton campaign.

as being the pro-establishment he thinks Trump is being helped by Russia, for, in the words of Mrs. Clinton, being used as a puppet of Putin, and considering that the FBI should have incapacitated to Mrs. Clinton for it not presented as a presidential candidate, but strangely did not, indicating that she is the candidate of the FBI, it would not be surprising, therefore, that the elite considers Trump such a pitfall that are not delivering the candidate exactly the same intelligence report to Mrs. Clinton, which would be based on their interests and ideology, protecting not only the government but also the US state of statements or actions that may harm the Clinton campaign and the nation.

If this is so, it would imply that if the scenario painted the main chains of American media New York Times, Washington Post, CNN and surveys is given, which together seek to influence the masses giving the impression that the bell Trump plummets and the choice of Mrs. Clinton is almost certain, -grave error- President Trump would win the elections and take over the presidency in a state of partial knowledge of the reality of domestic and foreign policy of the nation in terms of Homeland Security.

And even more, if this is so, there would be no way for Trump reaches sworn in as president unless it is not through a crisis threatening military since those involved in a plot so crass desperately will do everything in their power possible for such a plan is not known given the clear tendency to retaliate demonstrated by the candidate Trump.

But the campaign Trump, is only a scandal to win the elections, perhaps all they need is to know very dirty secrets that swarm through the air and only need to know who to ask to be released. 

Trump has said he is a winner, and so far, despite all the bad press and the opposition front which makes the Obama administration and power groups that support his opponent has shown being only one step of the presidency to an experienced political as it is Mrs. Clinton, it seems very difficult for someone with such background and who has invested so much to get here does not have an AS planned under the sleeve to give an irreversible turn this race by the presidency of the still world's most powerful nation.

FROM THE NATIONAL POST: Donald Trump promises to sue every woman accusing him of sexual assault after election

MANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty ImagesRepublican presidential nominee Donald Trump gives the thumbs-up after speaking at a campaign event at the Eisenhower Hotel in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania on October 22, 2016.
GETTYSBURG, Pa. — Donald Trump on Saturday pledged postelection lawsuits against every woman who has accused him of sexual assault or other inappropriate behaviour, and he charged Hillary Clinton’s campaign and the Democratic Party with orchestrating the allegations.
“Every one of these liars will be sued once the election is over,” Trump said, adding, “I look so forward to doing that.”
Trump’s threat overshadowed his intended focus during a speech in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, that was billed as a chance for the Republican nominee to lay out his agenda for his first 100 days in office. Trump promised to institute a hiring freeze on federal workers and to label China as a currency manipulator, but he first seized on the chance to once again try to discredit his accusers.
Mark Makela/Getty ImagesRepublican Presidential nominee Donald J. Trump holds an event at the Eisenhower Hotel and Conference Center October 22, 2016 in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
“Every woman lied when they came forward to hurt my campaign,” he said.
Ten women have publicly accused Trump of unwanted advances or sexual assault in the weeks since a 2005 recording emerged in which the former reality TV star made sexually aggressive comments about women. Trump has denied all allegations while insisting some of the women weren’t attractive enough for him to want to pursue.
Trump stuck to his belief the election is “rigged against him,” repeated false concerns about widespread voter fraud and insisted Clinton should have been barred from running because of legal questions about her use of a private email system as secretary of state.

Trump Lays Out 100-Day Plan 1:30

He also complained that a “corrupt” media is fabricating stories in order to make him “look as bad and dangerous as possible.”
“They’re trying desperately to suppress my vote and the vote of the American people,” he said.
Amid Trump’s struggles, Clinton has been displaying growing confidence and making direct appeals to voters “who may be reconsidering their support” for Trump following a string of sexual assault allegations and other troubles for the GOP nominee.
MANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty ImagesRepublican presidential nominee Donald Trump acknowledges supporters after speaking at a campaign event at the Eisenhower Hotel in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania on October 22, 2016.
“I know you may still have questions for me,” Clinton said Friday in Cleveland. “I respect that. I want to answer them. I want to earn your vote.”
Her campaign headquarters in New York was back up and running after an envelope containing a white powdery substance arrived on Friday, triggering an evacuation of the 11th floor. Police said initial tests showed the substance wasn’t harmful, and Clinton spokesman Glen Caplin said four people who received a full medical examination reported no health issues and were released.
Clinton was also getting a campaign boost on Saturday from singer Katy Perry, who planned to push early voting during an event in Las Vegas. The pop icon has been a vocal Clinton backer and was the featured entertainment at the Democratic National Convention.
With the debates now behind them, Trump and Clinton have few natural opportunities to significantly alter the course the race, especially with early voting already underway in 34 states. Yet neither candidate wants to overlook any opportunity to secure a few more votes. Though he acknowledged the possibility he may lose, Trump said Friday he would keep up an aggressive schedule in the final days so that he could end the race with no regrets.
“I will be happy with myself,” Trump said.
More than 4.4 million votes have already been cast. Data compiled by The Associated Press showed that Clinton appeared to be displaying strength in crucial North Carolina and Florida, and may be building an early vote advantage in Arizona and Colorado.
Trump appeared to be holding ground in Ohio, Iowa and Georgia, although those states would not be sufficient for him to win the presidency if he trails Clinton in Florida or North Carolina.
The symbolism of delivering his message in Gettysburg was not lost on Trump’s aides, who said they chose the location because of its historical significance as the site of the battle that is seen as the turning point in the Civil War. It was also meant as a nod to President Abraham Lincoln’s abolition of slavery and his efforts to expand the Republican Party tent.
Trump has often pointed to Lincoln as he’s tried, with little luck, to expand his appeal with African-American voters and other minority groups. To Trump’s dismay, many of those groups have written off his efforts as condescending and cynical, and he trails Clinton by wide margins among minority voters.
Pennsylvania has been a hotbed of campaigning by both candidates in the final days of the race. Trump was spending his second consecutive day in the state, while Clinton had two events of her own in Pittsburgh and Philadelphia. The AP analysis of the most competitive states rates Pennsylvania as leaning Democratic in the presidential race.

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TOMADO DEL LISTIN DIARIO: Funcionarios, empresarios y juristas irán al Congreso para tratar sobre proyectos de leyes

  • SANTO DOMINGO. Para esta semana que inicia las comisiones permanentes del Senado y de la Cámara de Diputados tienen pautada una extensa agenda de trabajo para estudiar importantes iniciativas legislativas,...

FROM WIKIPEDIA: Conservation and restoration of books, manuscripts, documents and ephemera

From Wikipedia, the free enciclopedia

A conservation technician examining an artwork under a microscope at theIndianapolis Museum of Art
The conservation and restoration of books, manuscripts, documents and ephemera is an activity dedicated to the preservation and protection of items of historical and personal value made primarily from paper, parchment, and leather. When applied to cultural heritage conservation activities are generally undertaken by aconservator-restorer.
Paper-based items, such as books, scrapbooks, manuscripts, maps, deeds, newspapers, drawings, water colors, miniatures, and postcards present distinctive concerns when it comes to care and conservation. Unlike works of art on paper, these items are often handled directly and repeatedly to access information.[1] Even paperephemera like newspapers and letters may be significant historical records or family mementos.[2]
·         1History
·         2Agents of deterioration
o    2.2Pests
o    2.4Handling
·         3Storage methods and materials
·         5Reformatting options
·         6Professional conservators
·         7Gallery
·         8See also
·         9References
·         10Sources
·         11External links
The first substantial work on the subject of book restoration was Alfred Bonnardot's Essai sur l'art de Restaurer les Estampes et les Livres, first published in Paris in 1846.The first book of complete restorations, published by Ferdinand Petrov Fine Art Restorer Conservator Vancouver Canada. Title: The Art of Painting and The Art of Restoration, 484-pages, hard cover. See on Google "Art restoration book-manual, for restoration, paintings,and Paper borne Art Works Restoration in detail.
Agents of deterioration[edit]
Inherent vice[edit]
Inherent vice is "the quality of a material or an object to self-destruct or to be unusually difficult to maintain".[3] Paper, books, manuscripts, and ephemera are prime examples of this. Early paper was handmade from plant fibers such as flax, hemp, and cotton: it is generally durable and can last for centuries.[4] However, in the mid-19th century, machine-made paper was introduced, and wood became the most common, least expensive ingredient, especially in newspapers. The presence of lignin in wood pulp paper causes acid to degrade the cellulose, which causes the paper to become unstable and discolored over time.[5] In addition, paper has the natural ability to absorb and retain moisture from the atmosphere, making it prone to the growth of mold, fungi, and bacteria.[6]
Books are inherently complex; they are often made of mixed materials ranging from parchment, leather, fabric, adhesives and thread. Some inks used in old books and manuscripts are harmful to paper. Iron gall ink, most commonly used from the 8th century through the end of the 19th century, contains acid and can corrode the paper in humid conditions.[7]
Ephemera, as the name implies, was never made to survive. Flyers, postcards, and programs are often printed on poor quality paper, carelessly handled, and likely to be haphazardly displayed or stored.[8]
Insects and vermin are naturally attracted to paper because paper is made of cellulose, starch and protein, materials that provide sources of nourishment.[6] The most common pests are roaches, silverfish, and various types of beetles.[9] Book lice feed on mold spores found on paper and cardboard, and although they do not cause visible damage, their decomposition and excretions can stain paper and may also nourish other pests, continuing the cycle of damage.[4] To best discourage infestation, a clean and dust-free environment is desirable: food and drink should be kept away from storage areas. If pests are discovered, they should first be identified so that appropriate measures can be taken.[6] Freezing the collection items is an option for pest mitigation: ideally (for dealing with most insects) the center of the item should be frozen within four hours at a temperature of -20°C (about -4 degrees Fahrenheit) for at least 72 hours, following which the materials may be thawed over a 24-hour period.[9] However, some materials should not be frozen, such as books made with leather, because the cold temperatures may cause the fat to rise to the surface of the leather resulting in a white or yellow area called a bloom.[9] The use of insecticides directly on collection materials is not generally recommended. However, if the infestation is severe, and fumigation is the best option, the affected items should be separated from the rest of the collection for treatment.[6]
Environmental conditions[edit]
Extremes of temperature or relative humidity are damaging from either end of the spectrum (low or high).[10] High heat and low relative humidity can cause paper to become brittle and leather book bindings to crack.[10] High temperatures and high relative humidity accelerates mold growth, foxing, staining, blooming, and disintegration. Fluctuations in temperatures and humidity may also cause cockling: a wrinkling or puckering preventing the surface from laying flat.[11] Precise environmental levels for optimal preservation will depend on whether the collection is for use, storage, or a combination: in general, a cool environment (below 70 degrees Fahrenheit) and relatively dry air (between 30-50% relative humidity) is recommended.[12]
Air quality must also be taken into consideration. Dust tends to absorb moisture, providing a suitable environment to attract mold growth and insects.[13] Dust can also become acidic when combined with skin oils and the surface of paper.[6]
All kinds of light (sunlight, artificial light, spotlights) can be harmful.[7] Light can result in fading, darkening, bleaching, and cellulose breakdown. Some inks and other pigments will fade if exposed to light, especially ultraviolet (UV) light present in normal daylight and from fluorescent bulbs.[13] Any exposure to light can cause damage, as the effects are cumulative and cannot be reversed.[10] Minimal or no exposure to light is ideal.
A paper conservator handling a book.
Other than a poor environment, poor handling is the primary cause of deterioration for books, manuscripts, and ephemera.[8] Recommendations for good handling to minimize damage include:
·         A clean work area and clean hands. Food and drink should be kept away from collection materials, and smoking avoided. Hands should be washed and dried immediately before handling collection items. Hand lotions, creams and wipes should never be used prior to handling items.[14]
·         Gloves should be worn only when absolutely necessary, as they may reduce dexterity and feeling.[4] If worn, they should be clean white cotton gloves.
·         Loose clothing, jewelry, or buttons, may all cause damage, and should be kept under control. The user should ensure he or she is seated or standing in a stable position. Precautions should be taken if he or she is suffering from a cold.[4]
·         The bookmarking of pages by use of paper clips, acidic inserts, or the folding of page corners should be avoided.[15]
·         The use of rubber bands, self-adhesive tape, any kind of "leather dressing", or glue should all be avoided.[16] Adhesives can leave stains and a damaging residue.[8]
·         A book should not be forced further than its natural opening. Instead, the covers may be propped on foam wedges to decrease the opening angle, and the pages held open using book snake weights.[17]
·         The turning of pages by the top corner instead of the bottom may help prevent tears.[18]
·         The pages of a bound manuscript should be turned slowly, and the leaves flexed as little as possible, because decorations and inks may no longer be firmly attached to parchment leaves.[14]
·         Books should be removed from the shelf by gripping on both sides of the spine at the middle (having, if necessary, pushed in the neighboring book on both sides to get a good grip).[16] Both hands should be used when removing large or heavy books from a shelf. If the volume is horizontal in a stack of books, the books above it should be removed first.[7]
·         Pencil, not ink, should be used to make any necessary marks or inscriptions. Inscriptions should only be made when the paper is on a clean hard surface to avoid embossing the inscription into the paper.[15]
·         A work in paper should not be lifted by its edges. Instead, a thin support such as a folder or foam board should be used.[19]
·         Parchment is not as flexible as paper, and is more resistant to unfolding. It should not be forced.[20]
·         Photocopying that forces books to lie flat should be avoided. This may damage the spine and weaken pages.[7]
·         Items should not be piled on one another, and, for oversized items, a large clear space should be prepared. Maps and blueprints that have been rolled may be gently unfolded or unrolled if they are not brittle or weak. They can also be placed under light weight for a few weeks to relax.[21]
Storage methods and materials[edit]

A paper conservator surveying a collection of materials in storage.
Good storage can extend the life of an item and is an important aspect of preventative conservation. Storage should be cool, dry, clean, and stable.[15] Items should be kept away from radiators or vents, which can cause environmental fluctuations.[15]
Manuscripts and paper documents should be stored in protective archival-quality boxes and folders, made of acid-free and lignin-free materials.[22] Documents that might be handled often may be stored or encapsulated in a clear polyester (Mylar) film sleeve or folder. As added protection acid formation, paper-based storage materials may have a buffer, such as calcium carbonate, which can neutralize acids as they form in the storage materials.[22] Boxes should not be overfilled. Items may be interleaved with acid/lignin-free paper.[13] If boxes are only partially full, spacers may be used, or the box may be stored horizontally.[4] Large format material is best stored in a plan cabinet with shallow drawers.[13] The rolling of large items (e.g. maps) should be avoided where possible; but if there is no other option, the item should be rolled around a large diameter archival quality tube.[23] The outside of the rolled item may also be covered with archival quality paper.[23]
The best shelving for books is baked enamel steel shelving that stands away from exterior walls. Average size books should be shelved vertically, side-by-side so they can support each other.[18] If a book is removed from the shelf, it may be replaced with a foam block to maintain verticality.[19] Shelves should not be overpacked. Oversized or fragile books may be stored horizontally and completely flat, but stacking should be kept to a minimum.[7] Books should be placed in supportive and protective boxes, to prevent soiling and abrasion as well as to provide structural support. Book boxes may range from simple four-flap enclosures made of archival safe paper or cardboard to custom clamshell or drop-spine boxes covered in book cloth.[18]
Active conservation and repair techniques[edit]
·         Surface cleaning: Paper and leather can be dusted with a soft brush, and dust can be removed from books with a vacuum cleaner that has a cheesecloth tied over the nozzle.[24] Nonchemical vulcanized rubber sponges or nonabrasive erasing materials such as vinyl erasers are also used. Care must be taken: an inappropriate cleaning technique could permanently ingrain dirt or remove media.[4]
·         Mold and insect removal: Insect accretions and mold residues are normally removed by scalpels, aspirators, or specialized vacuum cleaners. Deep freezing may be appropriate to kill insects.[25]
·         Adhesive removal: Some adhesive materials are acidic and harmful to paper, causing stains. Repairs made with water-based adhesives such as animal glue can be removed in a water bath, by local application of moisture, or with poultices or steam. Synthetic adhesives and pressure-sensitive (self-adhering) tapes usually have to be dissolved or softened with an organic solvent before they can be removed. Steam is sometimes helpful to remove adhesive.[25]
·         Washing and alkalization: Washing not only removes dirt and aids in stain reduction; it can also wash out acidic compounds and other degradation products that have built up in the paper. Washing can also relax brittle or distorted paper and aid in flattening. When washing alone does not combat acidity, the addition of an alkaline buffer to paper is sometimes recommended for de-acidification. Alkalization can be achieved by immersion or by spraying.[25]
·         Mending and filling: Severe tears that cannot be stabilized with polyester film can usually be mended on the reverse with narrow strips of torn Japanese tissue. The strips are adhered with a permanent, nonstaining adhesive such as starch paste or methyl cellulose. Holes or paper losses may be filled individually with Japanese paper, with paper pulp, or with a paper carefully chosen to match the original in weight, texture, and color.[25]
·         Sewing and rebinding: Books with broken sewing, loose or detached boards or leaves require special care.[26] Several techniques are used in conservation binding. The original sewing in a volume should be retained if this is possible; it can be reinforced using new linen thread and sewing supports.[27] If the original binding is too deteriorated, the book may be rebound with new archival safe materials. An alternative to a leather-covered laced-in structure is a split-board structure, which can be covered in leather or cloth.[27]
·         Backing: Weak or brittle paper may be reinforced by backing them with another sheet of paper. Again, Japanese paper can be used as a backing, adhered with a starch paste.
·         Flattening: Flattening is always necessary following aqueous treatment. Flattening is also helpful for rolled or folded paper that cannot gently and safely be opened. It is usually done between blotters or felts under moderate pressure.[25]
·         Emergencies and disasters: Most natural or man-made disasters, such as floods or fire, involve water. Even a small amount of water from a leaky roof or pipe can do significant damage to a paper collection. Immediate response by a knowledgeable professional or agency within the first 48 hours is crucial to the successful salvage of materials and the prevention of mold growth. Wet paper or books may be frozen to stabilize them; they can be thawed and dried at a later time.[24]
Reformatting options[edit]